1 “[when looking at the breakdown of institution types] it becomes evident that associate’s colleges are most likely to have little or no policy, while doctoral universities are most likely to have either formal or informal policies. Unsurprisingly, the larger the institution, the higher the percentage of libraries that have a formal policy. However, the results are more muddled in the middle – the master’s institutions have a lower rate of informal policies than the baccalaureate colleges, and a higher rate had no policies.”

2 Diamond OA, referring to journals that do not require APCs to publish.